Welcome to OPEPP​
Ohio Partnership for Excellence in Paraprofessional Preparation

Take Notes


The Introduction Scenario told you about Jacobi and prompted you to think about how you use sound-symbol clues to decode unfamiliar words. It also asked you to remember if you were taught how to read using these types of clues.

Follow the instructions below; as you work through each step, think about how you might guide students through a similar process.

Step 1: 

Read the words in the list below out loud. Try to say all of them correctly whether or not you’re familiar with them.

  • Indigestible
  • Elucidate
  • Preternaturally
  • Malevolent
  • Prestidigitation
  • Demystifying

Step 2:  TAKE NOTE 

Beside each word, write down how you think it should be pronounced. Or audio record your pronunciation. Then listen to the pronunciation using an on-line dictionary or mobile phone app that pronounces words for you. Google Translate (using English to English) is one option.

Step 3: 

Keep these words in the back of your mind. We’ll be revisiting them in the next unit.


Phonics instruction teaches students the relationship between the letters in words and the sounds they represent. Phonics thus gives students access to phonetic decoding—an essential skill for learning to read. Phonetic decoding is one of the two main ways to decode words.

Phonetic decoding, however, can be a slow process, especially at first. Teachers and parapros can use engaging activities to teach students how to use sound-symbol clues to unlock the words they see on the page.


National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHHD), NIH, DHHS. (2000). Report of the National Reading Panel: Teaching children to read. U.S. Government Printing Office.

Seidenberg, M. S., & McClelland, J. L. (1989). A distributed, developmental model of word recognition and naming. Psychological Review, 96(4), 523-568.

Module: Helping Students Read (Clone)

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