Welcome to OPEPP​
Ohio Partnership for Excellence in Paraprofessional Preparation

Take Notes


The Impact of Metacognitive Skills on Learning

Experimental studies, as evidenced by Cardelle-Elawar (1995) and Mevarech & Amrany (2008), highlight the positive outcomes for students with metacognitive skills in math learning. These outcomes encompass improved problem-solving skills, enhanced concentration, and increased persistence when facing challenges.

Performance Skills and Executive Function Skills

Understanding metacognition is not only beneficial academically but also translates into improved performance skills or executive function skills. These include:

  • Goal Setting
  • Starting Work
  • Prioritizing
  • Flexible Thinking
  • Inhibition Control
  • Emotional Control


Think of a child who you know who could use a little help with thinking about their thinking.

Choose one of the following Metacognitive strategies. 

Comment on how it could help the learner reframe their thinking and or improve their learning. 

Map out Learning

Use a syllabus or a learning plan to visualize what is expected to be learned before the actual learning process. This could involve previewing a chapter, reviewing the course calendar, or outline.

Summon Prior Knowledge

Use a KWL chart to help ask the kids you support what do you already know about the concept we are learning about today?  What do you want to Learn?  What did you learn?

Think Aloud or Write “Aloud”

Give a child permission to talk things or write or draw things through that you might normally just say in your head.  Self-Talk is a form of metacognition and can help you understand your thinking.

Ask Questions

After reading or problem-solving, prompt learners to ask questions to enhance comprehension. Questions could include: Does this make sense? How do you know? What’s missing? What does it remind you of? How else could this be explained or completed?

Organize Information Visually

Create visual depictions to organize the information being learned. Techniques like concept mapping can be employed for effective visualization.


Take Notes

Enhance memory and understanding by taking notes without referring back to the book. This reinforces memory skills and deepens comprehension of new concepts.

Review Mistakes

Examine and explain previous mistakes to understand the learning process better.

Change the Channel

Take a break and engage in a different activity to refresh the mind. Returning to the work afterward tests recall and reinforces learning.

Helping with Instruction (WORKSHOP)

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