In the introductory challenge, you were asked to think about how you use decoding strategies in your own reading for pleasure or information. We mentioned three kinds of decoding strategies for you to focus on, and the three are listed below for your review.
Read these brief descriptions of three kinds of decoding strategies discussed in this unit.
Phonemic awareness and phonics – strategies using knowledge about the sounds that make up spoken words, about the sounds different letters represent in written words, and about how vowels and consonants combine to form the syllables in words.
Structural analysis – strategies using knowledge of phonics and of prefixes, suffixes, and root words to figure out the pronunciation and meaning of new words.
Context clues –strategies using knowledge of the meaning of the words surrounding an unfamiliar word to discover the meaning and pronunciation of the new word in a sentence or phrase.