Ever since she was young, Luca loved dolphins. During classroom reading time one day, she finds a book about dolphins on the shelf and excitedly takes it to her seat. Her teacher, Mr. Wright, tells her that it’s written for older kids, but encourages her to try reading it. As she’s reading, Luca comes to a word she doesn’t recognize: echolocation. Luca tries the strategies she knows for decoding unfamiliar words. But sounding it out with phonetic clues isn’t helping.
As we saw in Unit 4, decoding is an essential skill for learning to read.
We’ve already explored one major way to learn to decode:
using phonetic clues
This unit builds on that discussion by exploring another decoding method:
structural analysis or morphology
Words have structure. They’re made up of:
- parts of speech (noun, verb, preposition)
Recognizing morphemes helps readers attach sounds to unfamiliar letter combinations and determine the words that those letter combinations represent. It also gives readers clues to word meaning.It shows us not just how words are formed, but also how they relate to one another. In addition to sound-symbol clues, word structure clues make decoding more effective and efficient.
Sight words are just that—words we recognize by sight.
The more sight words a child recognizes, the easier reading will be! This unit discusses ways to deepen students’ knowledge of sight words.
Before Lucie gets frustrated, how might you help her decode the word?